ASSESSMENT OF FOOD STATUS IN CHRONIC PATIENTS KIDNEY DISEASE AND ALIMENTARY CORRECTION INSTALLED VIOLATIONS
Introduction. This work is devoted to the problem of malnutrition in patients who are treated by peritoneal dialysis, also the main methods of correction this disorders were described.
The purpose. Identify malnutrition in patients undergoing renal replacement therapy or receiving peritoneal dialysis and develop nutritional status correction techniques.
Materials and Methods: In patients with chronic kidney disease, who are treated with continuous dialysis, the level of potassium, hemoglobin, albumin levels was determined and body mass index (BMI), subjective global assessment (SGA) was calculated. Correlation analysis was identify in order to get the proportion of patients with hypokalemia, and its possible connection with hemoglobin, albumin, calcium-phosphorus metabolism, parathyroid hormone, transferrin, ferritin levels and BMI.
Results: During the examination it was found that patients with hypokalemia have lower levels of hemoglobin, albumin and BMI than patients with normal levels of potassium in the blood. The level of transferrin, ferritin, calcium-phosphorus metabolism, sodium and chloride had no significant difference.
Conclusions. Correction of the nutritional status of patients with renal failure in combination with optimization of dialysis procedures improves the quality of life of patients.
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